The discussions in several articles are productive
to furthering the discussion of the subject to say the least.
This in itself has stimulated very positive and productive discussions
all over the planet. Lunar Land has however noticed that
many discussions are sometimes tainted with simple untruths that
are unfortunately stated by people who have not researched the
subject in depth. As a result, some untruths sometimes get mixed
up with what is actually fact today.
As market leaders in the area of land on the moon, planet mars, planet venus, planet mercury, planet jupiter moon io
property estate sales, the Lunar Land company feels it is therefore necessary
to dispel a few myths. It is our goal to provide all the information
possible in order to help our customers to make a correct and
At this stage we feel it may be a good idea to let
you know that what follows, is a discussion of the legal aspects
of owning extraterrestrial property. It is the only area on any
of our webservers where we will leave the "fun" aspect
of the entire story aside for the moment for a reality check.
It is meant for the hard and fast skeptics out there, to whom
we owe so much.
Perhaps you have heard someone once say something
like "The Moon cannot be sold" or "The Moon Treaty
absolutely forbids exploitation of Lunar resources for profit."
These and many other statements spoken by the uneducated are simply
Here is the truth about some myths. We do explain
them, as we and other space experts know them to be fact to the
best of our abilities.
1. What is the
2. The Moon Treaty forbids
the exploitation of Space, the Moon and other celestial bodies for profit
motives. According to the Moon treaty, individuals may not claim the Moon
and other celestial bodies. Is this true?
3. So what laws actually
exist on the Moon, Mars or any other planets?
4. OK, so what about NASA. How
do they fit in? If this is all true then can I not "get them"
if they land on my property?
5. So what about the future?
What guarantees are there? Will new laws be established?
6. And the most important
1. What is the law?
With regard to extraterrestrial property sales, two treaties exist today.
These treaties do not refer to "ownership" as such, they more
commonly refer to the "exploitation of the Moon and other celestial
bodies for profit purposes". Extraterrestrial property sales distinctly
fall under that section. The treaties are, The Outer Space Treaty of 1967
and the Moon Treaty of 1984.
The Outer Space Treaty of 1967 explicitly forbids any government
from claiming a celestial resource such as the Moon or a planet.
What does this mean? Well it means that governments can
not appropriate the Moon or other celestial bodies. Effectively, governments
have signed to the fact that they have no rights to these bodies at all.
What is actually important here is what the Outer Space Treaty does not
say. It explicitly does not say whether commercial enterprises or private
individuals can claim, exploit or appropriate the celestial bodies for
profit. (Note that Lunar Land is not a government body.)
The United Nations and all countries that signed the
Outer Space Treaty became aware of this vital omission almost immediately
after the treaty was ratified in 1967. In fact, the United Nations have
expended a large amount of time trying to ratify an amendment to the treaty
ever since, that would explicitly include corporations and individuals.
All attempts at ratifying such an amendment failed because member states
did not agree with it. So, in the end, all the ratification attempts were
summarized into the famous Moon Treaty some 15 years later. This information
is a well documented fact today.
2. The Moon Treaty forbids the exploitation of Space,
the Moon and other celestial bodies for profit motives. According to the
Moon treaty, individuals may not claim the Moon and other celestial bodies.
Is this true?
This is not a Myth. This is the absolute truth and as a result, some people
name the Moon Treaty as a common objection to many private commercial
enterprises that are in the process or wish to exploit Lunar or planetary
resources for profit.
There’s just one small, minor problem: The Treaty
was never ratified. Of all the approximately 185 member states of the
UN only six states supported it. All others, including all space faring
nations (USA, Russia, China etc) refused to sign it and did not sign it.
That is something that does not seem to be well known. The USA explicitly
refused to sign it as it would inhibit the exploitation of Lunar and other
celestial resources for profit by corporations and individuals. Some websites
actually incorrectly list the Moon Treaty as ratified.
Lunr Land feels that the non ratification of the Moon Treaty is
a good thing. Imagine we found oil on the Moon and a company were by law
prohibited from mining it? Surely, that is not in the publics best interest.
Here is what an historical website has to say about it:
"The Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and
Other Celestial Bodies is the infamous "Moon Treaty". It was
killed by a handful of L5 Society activists who were the first to see
that it would outlaw property rights in the rest of the universe and indefinitely
bog down space settlement in a "common heritage of all mankind"
morass. When, as a result of the L5 Society efforts, the US congress failed
to ratify the treaty, the USSR also breathed a sigh of relief. They likewise
did not ratify. The Soviets were so surprised at the impact of this relatively
unknown organization that they sent very obvious KGB members to chapter
meetings in New York City to find out who they were. The Soviet Embassy
in Washington DC subscribed to the L5 News for years afterwards."
The USA at the time said that they would prefer to see "How
public opinion develops". Well it certainly has developed with millions
of people on planet Earth, from all walks of life, love owning a property
on the Moon or on another celestial bodies and find it very rewarding.
This all sound nuts....is this really what is going on?
Fortunately yes. We say fortunately, because it allows
the common public access to these resources. In the end of the day, it
is all of our responsibility to ensure these bodies are taken care of.
It gets more interesting. Many companies are gearing up to exploit Lunar
and celestial resources for profit. This is not a bad thing. In all cases
we think it is a good thing. Take the Lunar Rover Initiative for example.
NASA, the Robotics Institute and LunaCorp plans to launch the first "private"
mission to the Moon in the near future. The plan is to put several remote
controlled buggies onto the Moon, so that you can visit a kind of fun
park, where you can, for money, with a Virtual Reality helmet on your
head, cruise your own personal remote controlled buggy across the Lunar
surface. (Yes, this is cool to say the least.) These companies could not
do this, if it was illegal by any treaty to exploit the Moon for profit
motives. And of course they know this, otherwise investors would not place
over 900 million dollars into such a project. Note also that if these
companies were affiliated with governments (like NASA was), the Outer
Space Treaty of 1967 would prohibit their actions. But, they are private
corporations now. This is therefore perfectly ok. (And hey, we can not
wait to try one of those buggies..) Again, they also protect all of mankind’s
right to this: anyone can go and pay to have a cruise across the Lunar
Surface. Whether it is exploration or exploitation is not for us to decide
really, but the line seems to be getting thinner by the year. (And why
this difference is of importance will become more clear below.)
Visit their website at : http://www.frc.ri.cmu.edu/projects/lri/
The Artemis project will also launch to the Moon in
the next few years. Their mission is to bring some rocks back to Earth
that they will happily sell to you as collectors' items. This revenue
will mainly be used to fund their organization. Again they are a private
Visit them at : http://www.asi.org/adb/j/02/legal-roadblocks.html
3. So what laws actually exist on the Moon, Planet Mars
or any other any planets?
On the Moon itself or on any other planets apart from Earth, currently no law exists.
If we settle on the Moon and or Planet Mars for example, such laws
must be established to ensure people's rights. Again, that can not be
done unless ownership rights are addressed and settled. That is where
all our customers and Lunar Land have made a start at forming public
Others have suggested that it would be a good idea, when
extraterrestrial claim laws are established, that they should
be linked to the proximity of the individual to the property in
question. That means if you have the money to go there, you can
have it. Lunar Land thinks this is not a good idea, because
it would give precedence to corporations and financially capable
organizations to file and receive an extraterrestrial property,
because they can afford to go there. The normal member of the
public would therefore lose out on any claims if such a suggestion
were followed, because it is much more difficult for us mortals,
physically and financially, to reach the Moon or the other eight
It has therefore become an objective of the Lunar
Land company, if and when such laws are established, to help to protect the
right of the general public to be allowed to claim and use these extraterrestrial
resources, regardless of whether you are in proximity of the property
4. OK, so what about NASA. How do they fit in? If
this is all true, then can I not "get them" if they land on
In short - No you can't. This is quite simple. No celestial body is owned
by NASA and they have never claimed them. (Some seem to have the distinct
belief that the Moon belongs to NASA). It does not and NASA never said
Further, the Outer Space Treaty of 1967, which is law, clearly
states that the Moon and the other celestial bodies are the heritage of
all mankind for the purposes of exploration. Well there we are. NASA can
do what they like and where they like, as long as they are exploring which
is in general what they are doing of course. If someone though wants to
build a house on your property, that is quite a different issue altogether.
However, let’s keep something in mind?
We feel the people at NASA risk their lives every single
day to make the new frontiers available to all mankind. There is nothing
that the human race could be more proud of, and we, as responsible humans
should not hinder, interfere or dispute this great endeavor and intention
at any time. Think of where we would be without these brave and exceptional
men and women today - stuck on planet Earth. If this gives others like
us the chance to make many people a little bit happier by selling Extraterrestrial
Properties, and if it allows others to make people happy by letting them
drive lunar buggies around the Moon, then we should all remember in a
responsible manner, that it is NASA who has made all of it possible in
the first place. We are grateful to them. If Lunar Land were ever
to attack NASA for landing on our property, we would be ashamed of ourselves.
This is the reason that Lunar Land has never and
will never sell a past or planned NASA landing site on any celestial body.
5. So what about the future? What guarantees are
there? Will new laws be established?
Well, so far, we are not aware of anyone trying to make new laws, nor
are we aware of anyone who has the jurisdiction to create them.
But positive public opinion is forming big time and that
is a very good start.
What the future brings, we do not know. In
short, there are no guarantees. No one can see into the future. All of a sudden (though very
unlikely and just a hypothetical) , 180 Nations may decide no one is to
go and exploit Lunar or Celestial Resources for any reason which would
put an end to many companies projects planned for the Moon. Or one day
the US government may actually come clean about the Roswell incident.
As usual in our lives...anything can happen.
6. And the most important point?
In all of that, lets all not miss the most important point of
all....and it specifically applies to the Moon:
What is the Moon to us? The Moon is a symbol of hope,
romance, achievement and change, all rolled into one. And wow,
it even lights up at night! There is nothing more symbolic and
romantic on Earth one can give to a loved one. It is not a fad
we can toy with, it is not something that will ever lose its appeal.
When you buy your property on the Moon or any other planet, please
enjoy it, because that is, what this really is all about.